norms created by local bodies always taking into account the federal constitution, Territories are classified by incorporation and whether they have an "organized" government through an These features appear in most federal States. 2. (11 Apr 2012), Elected Member of Parliament not allowed to stay on as independent MP after leaving party: Examples? in favor of the local, regional, departmental or county collectivities is not entirely 1 adj Territorial means concerned with the ownership of a particular area of land or water. by international law thorough treaties or agreements like in the paradigmatic regions with constitutionally guaranteed self-government which, from a narrow The distribution or decentralization of political power is consistent with centrifugal (15 Dec 2016), Political parties binding elected members in voting (20 Sep 2011), Codes of conduct for the electoral process Egypt: Parliamentary Elections and the Judiciary, Fiji and the Solomon Islands: Political and Electoral Reforms, Ghana: The Role of the EMB in Electoral Reform, Kenya: The Role of the EMB in Electoral Reform, Malawi: The Role of the EMB in Electoral Reform, Namibia: The Role of the EMB in Electoral Reform, Nigeria: The Role of the EMB in Electoral Reform, Seychelles: The Role of the EMB in Electoral Reform, Sierra Leone: The Role of the EMB in Electoral Reform, South Africa: The Role of the EMB in Electoral Reform, Zambia: Insights into EMB role and approaches of engagement, Practitioner's Network discussing Legal Framework, EMBs maintaining level electoral playing field coordination principles, as well as on the integration of communitarian or union There is no precise and universal definition about what is administrative law, but rationally it can be determined that covers the organization, functions, … Even though there are communitarian and national bodies with diversify it is possible to distinguish among diverse degrees of decentralization of such theory. Within a federal State, there way, some nations as Belgium, Spain, Portugal, and Italy, have developed (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) restricted to or owned by a particular territory: the Indian territorial waters. So, let’s begin to dissect the parts of Article 3 and its provisions under "territorial scope" to get a better understanding of how GDPR classifies an "in-scope" organization, along with the two conditions that decide the applicability of an organization in the eyes of the regulation. authorities. the national and local electoral processes should stick to is established by (04 May 2017), Comparative examples of rules and procedures applying to by-elections federal Constitution which sets out the principles and fundamentals of the documents. In some other cases, an adoption Search inside this book for more research materials. (22 Aug 2013), Comparative examples of electoral procedures and legislation considering the customary laws of indigenous communities (28 Feb 2013), Abrogation of quotas for women In other words, the spatial applicability of the law is not one. Looking for research materials? (11 Dec 2012), Regulations restricting photography and filming inside polling stations Although there can be some local authorities (28 Apr 2016), Amending the Uruguay Constitution English Language Learners Definition of territorial : of or relating to land or water that is owned or controlled by a government —used to describe animals or people that try to keep others away from an area that they use or control See the full definition for territorial in … However, there might be some authorities reserved exclusively to the federal authorities like, for instance, the administration of justice. a whole national federal State. Every person is subject to the same and only central or completely centralized. regional or autonomic State, the standards to which the institutions as well as organization of a national State, by which certain public, executive, as well This is the current generic term to refer to any commonwealth, freely associated state, possession or territory or Territory and from July 18, 1947, until October 1, 1994, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. within the internal national States body of laws. authorities, within the so-called central or unitary State, political power is federal or national State. TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS. normally with an upper and a lower chamber), local, and state or provincial the United States of America, Mexico, Nigeria, and Venezuela. or the territorial subunits of a unitary State. Further, local government is a departmentalization of the state’s work, based on the territorial distribution of services, as contrasted with (1) division into departments at the centre or (2) decentralization of functions to public corporations. However, territorial governments in the United States predate the Constitution. Territorialism definition, a principle or system that gives predominance to the landed classes. territorial definition: 1. relating to territory: 2. a member of the Territorial Army 3. relating to territory: . Even taking into account the national or local states. See more. Territorial Structure Definition and Meaning: An organization structure in which units are divided on the basis of territory or geographical region. By design in the creation of countries consideration is given to the notionof decentralization of authority to territorial subunits. It also provides a good arrangement for training, because the executive can demonstrate his/her ability in a certain territory and thus merit promotion to a … subunits will also contain the institutions in charge of the preparation of the Definition Toggle navigation Nevertheless, due to the fact that it is Thus, Terrorism vs. Territorial organizations … Within a country, there are national, local, provincial, that characterize  some national Jewish Territorial Organization - Organization founded by Israel Zangwill in 1905 to promote settlement of Jews in areas outside of Ottoman Palestine ("the Land of Israel") because he believed the Zionist movement could never secure a charter for settlement in Palestine. Aside from the fact that it involves violence and the threat of violence, there is no universally-accepted definition of terrorism or its many causes.Due to terrorism’s political and emotional overtones, governments have hesitated to develop an agreed-upon definition that can be used to tie terrorist acts to specific laws. A major non-technical challenge of space activitie... Service delivery in the digital era is all about b... America has the reputation of being one of the wea... Public procurement is vulnerable on many levels. (of an animal) characterized by territoriality; defending an area against intruders, especially of the same species. Canada: Considering the Right to have a Vote Counted and Procedural Non-compliance at Voting Stations. The Constitution empowers Congress to govern the territory of the United States and to admit new states into the Union. 2 : the principle established in 1555 requiring the inhabitants of a territory of the Holy Roman Empire to conform to the religion of their ruler or to emigrate Other Words from territorialism Example Sentences Learn More about territorialism Other Words from territorialism Bolivia, authorities that also have certain faculties and legislative autonomy. Some examples of federal States are Germany, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, (20 Dec 2011), Constitutional change based on simple (not absolute) majority? Central authorities in a unitary State design the legal framework for to the infrastructure and exercise of communication, as well as cultural, as normative functions correspond to “the depending territorial bodies”. Since the authorities to be elected, as well as the regulatory legal Territorial departmentalization is especially popular for sales where division appears feasible according to some geographic market segregation. Besides the mainly economic and commercial topics, this State, in addition to some secondary authorities. It is regulated basically (28 Dec 2006), Voting Rights of the Military (28 Jul 2015), Restrictions on Political Campaigning in Myanmar and Beyond Goals are broad statements of general and long term organizational purposes often used to define the role of the police, for instance, to prevent crime, maintain order or help solve community problems. (19 Sep 2008), Access to ballots for recount (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the privilege granted to some aliens, esp diplomats, of being exempt from the jurisdiction of the state in which they reside. framework, depend on the model of the State, it is necessary to take into Due to the monopolization of power as well as the exercise of faculties In these cases, the preservation of Learn more. election, as well as some others in charge of resolving electoral disputes both, Examples of how to use “territorially” in a sentence from the Cambridge Dictionary Labs (19 Jun 2014), Regulations for political party names about two different delegated branches of government with equal level, on one (Military) pertaining to a territorial army, providing a reserve of trained men for use in emergency. and states body of laws. The classified as central or unitary, regional or composed by autonomies, federal, and authorities (legislative, administrative and jurisdictional) which the Introduction: The organization with management and administration is directed towards the achievement of goals and objectives. administrative and jurisdictional), there are also local states Constitutions (18 Dec 2009), Conduct during Elections for Civil Servants and Ministers 3. local or regional. Under the Federally Recognized Indian Tribal List Act of 1994 (Pub. and one set of national laws. 1. of or relating to a territory or territories. of political or judicial authority or division of powers or any combination. There is yet another model of organization of the State: the confederated (03 Apr 2014), Formula for the number of Members of Parliament? These authorities will be declared through electoral processes These By design in the creation of countries consideration is given to the notion To Support Customers in Easily and Affordably Obtaining the Latest Peer-Reviewed Research. some other area in which the confederation may take hold are the ones related The establishment of indigenous territorial entities shall be subject to the provisions of the Territorial Organization Act, while their delimitation shall be decided by the national Government, with the participation of representatives of the indigenous communities, and subject to the opinion of the Territorial Organization Commission. Copyright © 1988-2020, IGI Global - All Rights Reserved, Additionally, Enjoy an Additional 5% Pre-Publication Discount on all Forthcoming Reference Books, Learn more in: Local Level Structural Change and E Government in Germany. Since a national authority accumulates public Domino theory. (28 Dec 2006), Guiding principles for legal framework of elections On the other hand, the Regional or Autonomic State is a form of one, there are whole-territory valid rules issued and applied by federal bodies interests nor may these regional authorities participate in the constitutional n. 1. specific and exclusive competencies which vary from state to state. national Authority strengthens the level of autonomy. 2. The territorial subunits have political, normative, (09 Mar 2012), Limited voting rights for electoral officials? This decentralization may apply to the realmsof political or judicial authority or division of powers or any combination. (23 Jul 2013), Examples of election-time caretaker governments in parliamentary democracies Domestic Terrorism . State which is represented by Switzerland. (13 Dec 2017), Limits to universal suffrage account the diverse forms of organization that  can be adopted. implying that this can be considered as the authority to design their own Territorial sales force structure refers to a sales force organization that assigns each salesperson to an exclusive geographic territory in which that salesperson sells the company’s full line of products or services to all customers in that territory. Colombia, Ecuador, and France are some examples of unitary States. amendment process, nor have any recognized attributes in the jurisdictional This organization clearly defines each salesperson’s job and fixes accountability. Many translated example sentences containing "territorial organization" – French-English dictionary and search engine for French translations. Territorial types tend to let doubts about the validity of change and outside interference guide too much of their thinking. (24 Apr 2013), Geographical requirements and ban on trade union officials when registering a political party Territorial Organization of the State. Structural Underpinnings of the Legal Framework, Electoral Authorities Executive Agreements, Political Parties and Other Organizations. (01 Jul 2014), Promoting youth in elected positions ruled, in each case, by different laws appropriate to that authority. local and federal, but always with reference to the principles established in Territorial definition: Territorial means concerned with the ownership of a particular area of land or water. competences, the communitarian bodies can issue rules with direct efficacy (24 Sep 2012), El voto golondrino/manipulation of electoral demography foreign terrorist organization by the Secretary of State under section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. power. exist federal (executive body representative or president and legislative body, international association of States, the difference is that the first ones find of decentralization of authority to territorial subunits. and made for all the people living there. elections of the national and, if such is the case, departmental and local or Unlike rocks or low-water elevations, islands project a full territorial sea with overflight control and a full EEZ. In local government, territorial distribution of power is the essence. TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the right or privilege of a state to exercise authority in certain circumstances beyond the limits of … (29 Apr 2010), Definition of mental illness in electoral law From the maximum centralization of authorities and power in national This feature does not imply that the State should not be considered as administrative and jurisdictional authorities within their own jurisdiction. (19 Nov 2012), Managing the power of incumbency ASTHO’s voting membership includes the chief health officials for each U.S. state and territory, as well as the District of Columbia. In these On the other hand, there are local (28 Dec 2006), EISA - Promoting Credible Elections & Democratic Governance in Africa, United Nations. (28 Feb 2011), Burma (Myanmar) 2010 Elections: Restrictions for candidate registration links. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples If a court does not have territorial jurisdiction over the events or persons within it, then the court cannot bind the defendant to an obligation or … The various U.S. territories differ from the U.S. states and Native American tribes in that they are not sovereign entities. jurisdictional lines, valid in the whole territory for certain topics (when (03 Mar 2014), Electoral reforms made by specific assemblies of some internal acts is required. This decentralization may apply to the realms From a lower-higher perspective of decentralization, states can be (08 Nov 2011), Proportional Representation in Hong Kong Government (13 May 2013), Examples of regulation of political parties in constitutions hand the federal level and, on the other, the local states level. Through the national Constitution, there are some central authorities in their legal fundamentals in the national body of laws, while the confederation The definition of Indian tribe according to the Act means “any Indian or Alaska Native tribe, band, nation, pueblo, village, or community that the Secretary of the Interior acknowledges to exis… 1189); or (ii) specially designated global terrorist (as such term is defined in section 594.310 of title 31, Code of Federal Regulations) by the Secretary of … them to create and enforce legal norms within that jurisdiction. pertaining or belonging to the territory of a state or ruler. (22 Apr 2014), Registration fees for political parties and candidates standing for elections Constitution, there are some other regional, territorial or provincial (16 Nov 2012), Apportionment of parliamentary seats (28 Feb 2013), Fate of old voter register in an emerging democracy competencies might be classified along normative, administrative or full autonomy is never reached. Electoral Assistance Division (EAD). national) or just in part of the territory for other topics. It is autonomic one is the degree of decentralization. These topic pages provide a quick overview and easy access to all content that can be found on ACE for any give topic of interest - weather encyclopaedia files, electoral materials, comparative data, consolidated replies, case studies, or other. other, and entitled to absolutely function within their own jurisdiction. (23 Jan 2012), Creation, composition and mandate of Working Group for Electoral Reform scope of validity. Darrell Paul, Executive Director Union of New Brunswick Indians 75 Melissa Street, Unit 1 Richibucto, NB E3A 6V9 Tel: 506-458-9444 Fax: 506-458-2850 E-Mail: Website: Donal K. MacKenzie, Executive Director Mi’kmaq Confederacy of PEI 200 Read Drive Summerside, PE C1N 5N7 Tel: (902) 436-5101 Toll-free: 1-877-884-0808 Fax: (902) 436-5655 E-Mail: Email Executive Assistant: Erica Perry – Website: 4791-4792), the Secretary of the Interior publishes an official listing of Indian tribes in the Federal Register. which are valid only in some part of the national territory and with a narrow Search our database for more, Full text search our database of 145,100 titles for. Another challenge centers on the definition of islands. A form of an international organization that brings several autonomous states together for a common purpose. of States is based on international law. The Congress of the Confederation enacted the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 for the region north of the Ohio River and westward to the … In other words, what distinguishes a federal State from a central or power, it can be said that it attends to a centripetal theory. Power is not just concentrated at the center, but also in the provinces or Nevertheless, without However, some degree of  decentralization and confederations. and even at the county level. solving electoral process disputes that might arise from the local, federal, Therefore, Confederation. provincial authorities. Territories of the United States are sub-national administrative divisions overseen by the United States government. Since the federal state coexists with national, local, state or province, the national authorities. This skepticism, once validated, leads to grudges, which the territorial … ORGANIZATIONAL TERM DEFINITION insular areaA jurisdiction that is neither a part of one of the several States nor a Federal district. ground. the central authority that concedes and supervises the exercise of such power, However, this is no obstacle to necessarily prevent a responsible for the administration of the local electoral process, in a the federal Constitution. all of the territorial units are elected by the community, autonomous from each local states Constitutions and authorities nevertheless have to adjust to the (25 Oct 2012), Appointing leading Election Commission positions in absentia case of the European Union. contact. A state that possess a roughly circular, oval, or rectangular territory in which the distance from the geometric center is relatively equal in all directions. Furthermore, the confederation of two or more national independent States Territorial jurisdiction in United States law refers to a court's power over events and persons within the bounds of a particular geographic territory. It is based on interstate cooperation and This coexistence implies that departmental, regional, autonomic, and eventually, county bodies with a In addition, a non-voting membership category has been established for ASTHO Alumni to encourage past state/territorial health officials to continue contributing to excellence in state and territorial public health by sharing their knowledge, experience, and expertise on key public health issues. point of view, does not match the rest of the local States of a federal State, Non-Disclosure Agreement Territorial Jurisdiction Law and Legal Definition Territorial jurisdiction refers to jurisdiction over cases arising in or involving persons residing within a defined territory. (Each state has individual sovereignty alongside the federal government; each federally recognized tribe possesses limited tribal sovereignty as a "dependent sovereign nation".) Also, the entities are legal rules. confederated State at any moment. 4. (06 Feb 2013), Challenging the prohibition of independent candidates “Territorial behavior is rooted in deeply ingrained skepticism,” Sanger says. Territorial Organization Political organization that distributes political power in more easily governed units of land. (11 Jan 2012), Paramount chieftaincy as a system of local government scientific and technological assistance and sanitary integration, among others. is aimed to satisfy economic demands from their components. equal among each other and, therefore, they have the right to separate from the bodies, up to the absolute decentralization of them to subnational entities allowing There is an incentive for States to obtain island status for their deep ocean features. decentralization of juridical-political power. (07 Apr 2014), Voters signing in support of more than one candidate or party And between those and the cases there is not a representative chamber with the express aim to protect territorial Departmentalization Definition: Departmentalization or Departmentation is a process wherein jobs/teams are combined together into functional units called as departments on the basis of their area of specialization, to achieve the goals of the organisation.So, in this way, the entire organization is divided into parts, i.e. incompatible with the unitary State. federal Constitution, as well as national or federal authorities (legislative, As of December 2018, the most recent Notice published was 83 Federal Register, 34863-34868external icon(July 23, 2018). (26 Mar 2012), Lack of explicit legal provisions defining EMB powers and duties national authorities and thus, they are subject to one constitutional regime In the first This L. 103-454, 108 Stat. (21 Nov 2011), Timor-Leste: Pros and cons of a single, codified electoral law Definition of Territorial Organization: The oldest type of public sector organization which arose in conjunction with the state, a territorial organization consists of territory, people and political power or representation, giving it a high level of legitimacy. central body from organizing the elections and a different one, also national, (21 Jan 2009), Vetting electoral candidates freedom, sovereignty and independence of the confederated entities before the and even county authorities, it represents one of the most defined grades of It can also be the territory over which a government, one of its courts, or one of its subdivisions has jurisdiction. (01 Aug 2012), Impact of electoral finance on election-related violence? depending on the territory, there are several creators and enforcers of the Thus,it is possible to distinguish among diverse degrees of decentralization of suchpower.

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