[82][83] Following the 2007 elections, the Alliance for Democracy and Progress held 113 of 160 seats in the assembly. 15% of Malian workers are employed in the service sector. What follows is a geographical and historical treatment of Mali, including maps and statistics as well as a survey of its people, economy, and government. In Mali, there is a railway that connects to bordering countries. [24] Following the establishment of sea routes by the European powers, the trans-Saharan trade routes lost significance. In response to territorial gains, the French military launched Opération Serval in January 2013. [75] The government later regained control over these areas. Print Shapes of States: Compact, Prorupted, Perforated & More Worksheet 1. [134] The Ministry for Advancement of Women, Children and the Family was created specifically for women and children so that their basics rights and needs get met under the law. The Songhai had long been a major power in West Africa subject to the Mali Empire's rule. [121], Islam as historically practiced in Mali has been malleable and adapted to local conditions; relations between Muslims and practitioners of minority religious faiths have generally been amicable. [13] In the late 19th century, during the Scramble for Africa, France seized control of Mali, making it a part of French Sudan. [10] Its capital is Bamako. Mexico is an elongated state with prorupted parts. [95] The gross domestic product (GDP) has risen since. [91] The average worker's annual salary is approximately US$1,500. [98], The emergence of gold as Mali's leading export product since 1999 has helped mitigate some of the negative impact of the cotton and Ivory Coast crises. [134] The involvement of international organizations like USAID assist Mali financially to enhance their development through the efforts of the improvement of women's rights. No. [78][80] A prime minister appointed by the president serves as head of government and in turn appoints the Council of Ministers. [105] About 80% of Mali's population can communicate in Bambara, which serves as an important lingua franca. [78] The system of government can be described as "semi-presidential". The coup is remembered as Mali's March Revolution of 1991. [93], Eighty percent of Malian workers are employed in agriculture. On 30 January, the coordinated advance of the French and Malian troops claimed to have retaken the last remaining Islamist stronghold of Kidal, which was also the last of three northern provincial capitals. [93] Two major companies, Societé de Telecommunications du Mali (SOTELMA) and the Cotton Ginning Company (CMDT), were expected to be privatized in 2008. However, Northern Ireland, Wales, and Scotland hold some degree of devolved and autonomous power. [47], In September 2018, the Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue negotiated a unilateral ceasefire with Dan Na Ambassagou "in the context of the conflict which opposes the group to other community armed groups in central Mali". [20], Another theory suggests that Mali is a Fulani pronunciation of the name of the Mande peoples. "UNdata | record view | Total population, both sexes combined (thousands)". Mali has considerable natural resources, with gold, uranium, phosphates, kaolinite, salt and limestone being most widely exploited. Crabill, Michelle and Tiso, Bruce (January 2003). [44] On 2 February, the French President, François Hollande, joined Mali's interim President, Dioncounda Traoré, in a public appearance in recently recaptured Timbuktu. There's *protruded* state, maybe that's what you're asking for. Report points to 100 million persecuted Christians. For other uses, see. [121] Mali's actual primary school enrollment rate is low, in large part because families are unable to cover the cost of uniforms, books, supplies, and other fees required to attend. The population of Mali is 19.1 million. Mali held a state funeral on Tuesday for former president Amadou Toumani Toure, an emblematic figure who steered the troubled nation to free elections and … A good example of a unitary state includes the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. [121] [24] The Songhai Empire's eventual collapse was largely the result of a Moroccan invasion in 1591, under the command of Judar Pasha. [51] The group denied the attack, but afterwards Malian President Keita ordered the group to disband. [19] One Mandinka tradition tells that the legendary first emperor Sundiata Keita changed himself into a hippopotamus upon his death in the Sankarani River and that it's possible to find villages in the area of this river, termed "old Mali", which have Mali for a name. [91], Mali's population encompasses a number of sub-Saharan ethnic groups. It becomes a one-party, socialist state. Mali rose to the apogee of its power under Mansa Musa (1307–32?). For example, the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) and the Aga Khan Foundation, trained women's groups to make equinut, a healthy and nutritional version of the traditional recipe di-dèguè (comprising peanut paste, honey and millet or rice flour). De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie. Fragmented. km. Mali lies in the torrid zone and is among the hottest countries in the world. Polgreen, Lydia and Cowell, Alan (6 April 2012), Muller, CJ and Umpire, A (22 November 2012). Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 26 okt 2020 om 10:04. SURVEY . An estimated 90% of Malians are Muslim (mostly Sunni[120]), approximately 5% are Christian (about two-thirds Roman Catholic and one-third Protestant) and the remaining 5% adhere to traditional African religions such as the Dogon religion. Rice and millet are the staples of Malian cuisine, which is heavily based on cereal grains. [134] Although there exists legislation and policy for gender equality the institutionalization of the National Gender Policy of Mali is necessary to support the importance of women's rights. [99], Energie du Mali is an electric company that provides electricity to Mali citizens. [8][9] 67% of its population was estimated to be under the age of 25 in 2017. [128], Medical facilities in Mali are very limited, and medicines are in short supply. "The GeGaLo index: Geopolitical gains and losses after energy transition". The population is predominantly rural (68% in 2002), and 5%–10% of Malians are nomadic. [65] Late April to early October is the rainy season in the southernmost area. Mali is southwest of Algeria and has an area of 1,240,000 sq. a country (State) that is compact but has a projection protruding out from he main body of the State. Prorupted state: I'm not sure prorupted is a word. [142][144] Most towns and cities have regular games;[144] the most popular teams nationally are Djoliba AC, Stade Malien, and Real Bamako, all based in the capital. [69] Each region has a governor. [143] Informal games are often played by youths using a bundle of rags as a ball. The thermal equator, which matches the hottest spots year-round on the planet based on the mean daily annual temperature, crosses the country. Malians frequently participate in traditional festivals, dances, and ceremonies. A fragmented state has several noncontiguous pieces of territory. There are also approximately 29 airports of which 8 have paved runways. [140] Mali's literary tradition is passed mainly by word of mouth, with jalis reciting or singing histories and stories known by heart. In January 2012, an armed conflict broke out in northern Mali, in which Tuareg rebels took control of a territory in the north, and in April declared the secession of a new state, Azawad. Until the military coup of 22 March 2012[15][76] and a second military coup in December 2012,[77] Mali was a constitutional democracy governed by the Constitution of 12 January 1992, which was amended in 1999. Mali is a developing African country and is one of the poorest countries in the world. Archipelagos such as Philippines, Indonesia, and Fiji are examples of fragmented states. as that is the final duty of a woman to become a housewife and rear her children while the men provides for the family. 7), "Human Development Indices and Indicators: 2018 Statistical Update: Mali", "USAID MALI:ADDENDUM TO THE 2012 GENDER ASSESSMENT", "GENDER EQUALITY AND WOMEN'S EMPOWERMENT IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION: MALI CASE STUDY", "Men, Gender Equality and Gender Relations in Mali: Findings from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey", "Ruiz looks to strengthen Mali roster ahead of Beijing", Possibilities and Challenges for Transitional Justice in Mali, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights, African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, Community of Sahel–Saharan States (CEN-SAD), Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Agence de Coopération Culturelle et Technique, Prix des cinq continents de la francophonie, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mali&oldid=991672465, French-speaking countries and territories, Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, States and territories established in 1960, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles containing Bambara-language text, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles lacking reliable references from July 2013, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2019, Articles with dead external links from January 2019, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 06:53. [113], Mixed European/African descendants of Muslims of Spanish, as well some French, Irish, Italian and Portuguese origins live in Mali, they are known as the Arma people (1% of the nation's population). Large settlements began to develop in 300 A.D., including Djenne. [47] While some Fula have joined Islamist groups, Human Rights Watch reports that the links have been "exaggerated and instrumentalized by different actors for opportunistic ends". [126] In 2000, 62–65% of the population was estimated to have access to safe drinking water and only 69% to sanitation services of some kind. [91] In Mali as well as Niger, the Moors are also known as Azawagh Arabs, named after the Azawagh region of the Sahara. There still persist certain hereditary servitude relationships,[111][112] and according to some estimates, even today approximately 200,000 Malians are still enslaved. [62] Wagué announced the formation of the National Committee for the Salvation of the People (CNSP) and promised elections in the future. Presidential elections were held on 28 July 2013, with a second-round run-off held on 11 August, and legislative elections were held on 24 November and 15 December 2013. At 1,242,248 square kilometres (479,635 sq mi), Mali is the world's 24th-largest country and is comparable in size to South Africa or Angola. Learn Prorupted State with free interactive flashcards. Mali is connected with the French government by agreement since 1962 (creation of BCEAO). [78] Executive power is vested in a president, who is elected to a five-year term by universal suffrage and is limited to two terms. [135] Traditional roles of men and women are emphasized in which the man is the head of the household and women have to meet the needs and demands of men. Peaceful student protests in January 1991 were brutally suppressed, with mass arrests and torture of leaders and participants. Farming took place by 5000 BC and iron was used around 500 BC. [65] Most of Mali receives negligible rainfall and droughts are very frequent. [20], Rock paintings and carvings indicate that northern Mali has been inhabited since prehistoric times when the Sahara was fertile grassland. Mali, officieel de Republiek Mali, is een land in Afrika.Het noorden en noordoosten ligt in de Sahara, het zuiden en zuidwesten in de Sahel.Het land is volledig afgesloten van de zee. Present-day Mali was once part of three West African empires that controlled trans-Saharan trade: the Ghana Empire (for which Ghana is named), the Mali Empire (for which Mali is named), and the Songhai Empire. What is the definition of prorupted? [134] Gender-based violence in Mali happens at the national and household level. [100], In 1991, with the assistance of the International Development Association, Mali relaxed the enforcement of mining codes which led to renewed foreign interest and investment in the mining industry. The base was attacked in Anguelhok, a village located in an especially unstable region of the country. [116], Mali's official language is French and over 40 African languages also are spoken by the various ethnic groups. [88] Since the institution of a democratic form of government in 2002, Mali's relations with the West in general and with the United States in particular have improved significantly. [24] Keïta quickly established a one-party state, adopted an independent African and socialist orientation with close ties to the East, and implemented extensive nationalization of economic resources. [129][130], In 2017, Mali ranked 157th out of 160 countries in the gender inequality index as reported by the United Nations Development Programme. A study of Malian proverbs noted that in old Mali, there is a village called Malikoma, which means "New Mali", and that Mali could have formerly been the name of a city. armed conflict broke out in northern Mali, establishment of sea routes by the European powers, National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad, Economic Community of West African States, 24 March 2019 massacre of 160 Fula villagers, National Committee for the Salvation of the People, Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Index Mundi using CIA World Factbook statistics, January 20, 2018, retrieved April 13, 2019, Mali Empire (ca. [131] The Malian Constitution states that it protects women's rights, however many laws exist that discriminate against women. [98][99] During 2002, 620,000 tons of cotton were produced in Mali but cotton prices declined significantly in 2003. [34] During this democratic period Mali was regarded as one of the most politically and socially stable countries in Africa. Keïta was subsequently re-elected with 67% of the vote. [62], The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) condemned the coup and demanded the reinstallation of President Keïta. Shapes of states: compact, prorupted, perforated & more video.

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